AI is one of the most important breakthroughs humanity is working on at the moment.

Sundar Pichai, CEO (Google, Alphabet)

Machine Learning ๐ŸŽฐ, Data Science ๐Ÿงฌ ? Ah, can you explain them in simple words? ๐Ÿค”

Machine Learning Libraries
Doesn’t seem to be simple ๐Ÿ˜… | No Worries ๐Ÿ‘‡

Let me start with Machine Learning ๐Ÿค–

So, computers are dumb (No offence)! They are not like humans who can learn from their experience and do better next time ๐Ÿ˜… Nope, it’s not how they work.๐Ÿ™…โ€โ™‚๏ธ

We human ๐Ÿ™‹๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ tend to make machines learn by providing them data so they could figure out a pattern and so could make a “logical guess”. ๐Ÿค–

Data Science is simpler for me to explain! ๐Ÿ˜‹

It’s nothing but to get lots of data ๐Ÿ‹๏ธโ€โ™€๏ธ and then performing some maths to fetch some useful information from it. ๐Ÿ“Š

Ok, But why to Know about their Libraries and Frameworks for Projects ? ๐Ÿ™„

Libraries and Frameworks makes your life Easy, Believe Me ๐Ÿ˜Ž

Think them as ready made functions(functionality) written by someone ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป so you don’t have to write them from scratch. ๐Ÿ˜“

This way you just have to import ๐Ÿ˜‰ the functionality from the Github Repo I have provided with each of them and get Started !

So, Where Were We ? ๐Ÿค”

๐Ÿ˜ƒ ๐Ÿ‘‡

Trending Machine Learning and Data Science Libraries and Frameworks


Machine Learning projects
Machine Learning Library

โŠนWhile dealing with Machine Learning projects ๐ŸŽฐ or any tech which involves Complex Mathematical tasks, Matrix and multi-dimensional arrays play an important role โœ… in most of them. 

Luckily, ๐Ÿ˜‡ we found a library ml-matrix that provides operations like Transposing, Finding Mean, Covariance, Inversion, and obviously all basic arithmetic operations on Matrix. ๐Ÿงฎ

The repository is updated frequently and it can be downloaded via npm from ๐Ÿ‘‰ here.

Size:  380 kB

Weekly downloads ~18,028

Github Repo: Click Here ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Neural Network Library | Machine learning projects
Neural Network Library

๐ŸงฌWorking with a Neural Network can be very hard sometimes ๐Ÿคฏ but the brain module makes the work too much easier for Neural Network enthusiasts in their projects.

The best part ๐Ÿ™Œ is you can train the data both in frontend (Browser) or Backend (Node.js).

You just have to use a method brain provides – train() where you have to pass an array of the training data. ๐Ÿคนโ€โ™€๏ธ

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ It also supports streams in the newer versions where you could use pipe() to send the training data to your network.

Modules Update Frequency : Low

Weekly Download : ~(40-60)

Issues Frequency : Very Low

โœ… Working Demo:

Github Repo: Github Repo for Brain ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Machine learning library | Python library
Optimization Library | Python Library

๐Ÿš€Theano is a python library that helps in the optimization of compilers. It helps in mathematical computation โž— and evaluating expressions at high speed. ๐ŸŽ

Theano can be run both on CPU and GPU. It is worth noting that GPU provides 140 times ๐Ÿ˜ฒ computational power as compared to running a compiler on CPU architecture.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ Theano is very helpful during bugs as it is built to auto handle errors or any exceptions and contains in-built tools for unit testing for projects.

Modules Update Frequency : ~Once every year

Size: 2.8 MB

Documentation: Theano python library documentation

Github Repo: Github Repo for Theano ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Python Data Science library projects | Data Visualization Library
Data Visualization Library | Python Library

๐Ÿ“Š Matplotlib is very famous for data visualization. Just by providing a set of data, you could generate production-quality graphics.

Matplotlib is made using python๐Ÿ‘Œ it has an interface just like we have for Matlab and is very user-friendly to use in projects. ๐Ÿ˜ƒ

Histogram ๐Ÿ“Š bar charts, scatter plots can be made very efficiently using Matplotlib.

Standard GUI toolkits like Tkinter, WxPython, GTK+ use it as they need an object-oriented API to work. โœ…

Documentation: Data Visualization with Python

Github Repo: Github Repo for Matplotlib ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Neural network library | Machine learning library | Machine learning frameworks
Neural Networks and Machine Learning Library

๐Ÿ’ˆ KerasJS is an open-source library and is mostly used for neural networks and machine learning.

It can be used to train the data in any backend technology. It can be framed like another Tensorflow.js. โœ…

While working with KerasJS in Node.js environment ๐ŸŽฏ it can only be run in CPU mode ๐Ÿ™Œ

Keras has support for high-level API which takes care of abstraction provided by backend frameworks.

Documentation: Trending Machine Learning Library KerasJS

โœ… Working Demo: Checkout KerasJS Demo Here

Github Repo: KerasJS (A Machine Learning Library) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Data Analysis library | Most popular machine learning projects library
Data Analysis Library | Python Library

๐Ÿผ Itโ€™s the most popular library for Data Analysis in Python Programming Language. โœ…

Pandas provide a high-level abstraction โ›บ๏ธ over Numpy which is written in C.

The main data structure to be familiar with ๐ŸŒ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ while working with Pandas are: DataFrames and Series

  1. Series is just like a โ€œlistโ€ we see in the python data structure, the difference being, here list is labeled with an index. ๐Ÿ˜ƒ โ˜๏ธ
  2. DataFrames can be made using โ€œdictsโ€ in python and is simply a set of rows and columns. ๐Ÿ˜ƒ โœŒ๏ธ


Github Repo: Pandas Repo ( Data Analysis Python Library ) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


NLP projects library | NLP library in python | Machine learning in python
Machine Learning Library | Python Library | Natural Language Processing

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ PyTorch has multiple functions that it supports like Machine Learning, Computer Vision, or Natural Language Processing. โœ…

The ๐Ÿ˜Ž best thing about PyTorch is the ease of learning and using it in projects.

PyTorch can easily be integrated โœš with your existing python project or even Numpy. Numpy and PyTorch are mostly the same but here you could also make ๐Ÿ‘‰ computations on Tensors.

Building computation graphs dynamically and changing them is for what PyTorch is known.๐Ÿ‘


Github Repo: PyTorch MachineLearning Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Machine Learning Framework

โ†ช TensorFlow was initially made by Google for its internal use but is now open-source.

๐Ÿฆพ It is a computational framework for making Machine Learning models. It provides various toolkits ๐Ÿ›  that can be used at various levels of abstraction.

TensorFlow allows you to write code ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป in whatever abstraction is best for you. For instance, you can write code in C++ and call the method from your Python Code. ๐Ÿ˜‰

Not only this, but you can also mention where the code should run, whether it should be GPU or the CPU. ๐Ÿ™Œ

Module Update Frequency: Very High โœ…


Github Repo: TensorFlow Repo ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Image optimization library | Machine learning frameworks | Machine Data Science projects in python
Scipy | Image Optimization | Linear Algebra | Image Processing Modules

๐Ÿš€ The Scipy offers various modules like Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE), Fast Fourier transform, image optimization, integration interpolation linear algebra, special functions, and image processing.

The data structure used by Scipi is actually nothing but a multi-dimensional array provided by the NumPy module and therefore Scipy depends upon NumPy for array manipulation subroutine ๐ŸŽฏ

โ†ช Also, it is worth noting that most of the new Data Science features are available in Scipy rather than Numpy.


Github Repo: Scipy ( Data Science Library) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Data Science library | Data Science framework | Machine learning projects in python
Python Library | Machine Learning library | Supervised and Unsupervised

๐ŸŽฏThe scikit-learn was initially developed for a project at Google. Scikit-learn is built on top of 2 python libraries – Scipy and Numpy and has no doubt become the most popular library for machine learning algorithms.

Scikit-learn has a large range of Supervised and Unsupervised algorithms that work on python.๐Ÿ‘

Some of the major ๐Ÿ˜ฒ machine learning function which Scikit-learn provides includes preprocessing, dimensionality reduction, model selection, regression, clustering, and classification


Github Repo: TensorFlow Repo ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Data Handling library | Numpy data Science | machine learning libraries
Numpy | Data Handling Python Library

๐Ÿ“Numpy is not only a data handling library known for its capability to handle multidimensional data but also it is known for its speed of execution and vectorization capabilities.

Major features ๐Ÿ‘Œ of Numpy are capabilities like transpose, reshape of a Matrix.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ Also helpful is boosting the performance ๐ŸŽ and handling garbage collection with ease in projects. The capability to vectorize operation again improves performance and parallelization capabilities.

๐Ÿ‘‰ Some people do not like itโ€™s dependency which is majorly upon C/C++.


Github Repo: Numpy Data Handling Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


top Data Science library | Best data science library for projects
Data Science library | Python library

๐Ÿ“Š In python, we can take the help of StatsModels to add statistics or Algorithms in the form of Classes and Functions. Its capabilities ๐Ÿ™Œ include time series analysis, regression models and autoregression

StatsModels provides detailed Statistics ๐Ÿ“ˆ which is more than Scikit-learn.

Why it is more popular ๐Ÿค” in the data science ๐Ÿ”ฌ world is because of its capabilities to go along with Pandas or Matplotlib.

But still, the downside of it is that it is not as well documented as Scikit, so beginners could face problems ๐Ÿ™„ while working with it.


Github Repo: StatsModel ( Data Science Library) ๐Ÿ“ฆ

XG Boost

optimization library | Big Data Library | Machine Learning projects frameworks

๐Ÿ’น It is the most widely used library or algorithm which is not only used in the real world ๐ŸŒ but also seen so many times being used in various competitions

XGBoost ๐ŸŽ provides a highly optimized and distributed experience. XGBoost enables parallel execution which is the major reason for its immense ๐ŸŽฏ performance improvement.

๐Ÿ‘‰ It has capabilities to run over distributed frameworks like Hadoop with ease. Similarly, it also supports R, Java.


Github Repo: XGBoost Github Repo ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Best python library | Data Science | Neural Network Libraries

๐Ÿ”… LightGBM can be said as another version of GBM(Gradient Boosting Machine) which is faster โšก๏ธ LightGBM is developed by Microsoft.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ. It is similar to XGBoost in most aspects, barring a few around the handling of categorical variables and the sampling process to identify node splits.

LightGBM has also capabilities ๐Ÿ’ช to utilize GBM and improve performance.


Github Repo: Light GBM Github Repo ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Debugging library  | Classifier | Machine Learning projects and libraries
ELI5 | Classifier

๐‚ทExplain Like I am 5(years old) ๐Ÿ‘ผ is what it stands for. It is a classifier that provides debugging classifiers and provides an explanation of the prediction.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ. To help understand the predictions it provides wrappers around different libraries like scikit-learn, xgboost, and some more.

Some algorithms like decision trees ๐ŸŒฒ are inherently explainable, yet not all of them ๐Ÿšซ are hence ELI5 helps in explaining those!



Neural Network Library | Image Processing library | Machine learning project
Neural Network Library

โšก๏ธ FastAI is similar to Keras. It is built on top of PyTorch. It is mostly used to get fast(as the name suggests) and accurate neural network. It provides consistent APIs and built-in support for ๐Ÿž image/vision, text, etc.


Github Repo: FastAI ( Neural Network Library ) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Deep Learning framework | Deep Learning library | Python projects
Caffe | Deep Learning Framework | Neural Network

โ˜•๏ธCaffee is a (Convolutional Architecture for Fast Feature Embedding) deep learning framework.

Caffe is built by keeping speed, expression and modularity in mind ๐Ÿ˜‡ .

Speed of Caffe ๐Ÿš€ makes it a perfect choice for industry deployment and research experiments.

๐Ÿ‘‰ It was primarily used/designed for ๐Ÿ™ image classification and related tasks, though it supports other architectures including LSTMs and Fully Connected ones as well.


Github Repo: Caffe Deep Learning Framework Github Repo ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Deep Learning library | Deep learning frameworks | Deep learning projects
Deep learning library

๐Ÿ•ธGluon is developed by AWS/Microsoft which is a high-level deep learning library, It is currently made available by Apache MXNet which allows ease of use of AWS and Microsoft clouds.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ Gluon is developed to be fast, friendly ๐Ÿ‘ฏโ€โ™€๏ธ , and consistent.

It is made to improve speed ๐Ÿš€ flexibility and accessibility of deep learning technology for all developers ๐Ÿ‘ฉโ€๐Ÿ’ป


Github Repo: Gluon Deep Learning Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ

Apache MXNet

Deep learning library | Deep learning framework | Deep learning projects
Apache MXNet | Deep Learning Library

๐Ÿ—ฃApache MXNet is a flexible and efficient library for Deep Learning. It is useful for flexible research prototyping and production.

๐Ÿ˜ƒ ๐Ÿ‘‰ It is one of the most used libraries when it comes to image related use cases.

It requires a lot of boilerplate code ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ but on the positive note, its performance covers its downsides ๐Ÿ˜„

Apache MXNet provides around 8 different language bindings including Scala, C++, R, PERL ๐Ÿ™Œ


Github Repo: Apache MXNet ( Deep Learning Library ) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


NLP library | NLP python library | NLP framework | NLP projects
NLTK Toolkit | Machine Learning

๐ŸŽ™The Natural Language ToolKit or NLTK offers different Natural Language Processing Tasks. Since 2001, it has provided a lot of features ๐Ÿ‘

The list of features includes  ๐Ÿ‘‰ POS taggers, n-gram analyzers, tokenization (it provides different tokenizers), collocation parsers, and many more.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ NLTK utilizes years of research into linguistics and machine learning to provide such kinds of features. ๐Ÿ˜


Github Repo: NLTK ( Linguistic | Machine Learning Library ) ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Machine learning libraries | Machine learning projects | Data Science library
Gensim |Library

๐Ÿ“Gensim is particularly made for unsupervised topic modeling tasks apart from NLP tasks.

๐ŸŽฏ It includes functionality ๐Ÿคบ like word representations using fastText and word2vec.

Gensim can handle ๐Ÿ‘ large volumes of data using streaming and out of memory algorithms implemented โœ…

๐Ÿค” What sets it apart from other NLP libraries is the robustness and efficient implementations.


Github Repo: Gensim | Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


NLP library | NLP projects | Machine learning projects| top python libraries
Spacy | NLP Library | Deep Learning

๐Ÿ”‰ Spacy is a multi-language( English, German, French, Portuguese, etc.) Natural Language Processing library.

โ†ช๏ธ It has tokenizers and Named Entity Recognizers for various languages. Now, if you are searching NLP for production you can๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ choose Spacy as compared to NLTK(used mostly for academic purposes) โ˜‘๏ธ

๐Ÿ‘‰ Now, Spacy not only for NLP features but it also exposes deep learning based approaches โœ… and this enables it to use it with other tech like keras, Tensorflow,  Scikit-learn, and many more.


Github Repo: Spacy NLP Library | Deep Learning Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


visualization libraries | machine learning projects in python | Data Science projects in python
Seaborn | visualization library | regression analysis

๐ŸŒŠ Seaborn is a high-level visualization library that is made on top of Matplotlib.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ. Whatever you could do with Matplotlib, Seaborn would provide it with ease (Seaborn is easier than Matplotlib) โœ…

It provides capabilities ๐Ÿคบ to perform the handling of categorical variablesregression analysis, and aggregate statistics. ๐Ÿงฎ


Github Repo: Seaborn Visualization Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Visualization library | Data Science framework | Data Science library | Machine learning

๐Ÿ’กBokeh provides an interactive platform driven by Javascript with Python. If you want to share visualizations through a jupyter notebook then Bokeh visualizations are the perfect solution for doing it.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ. It provides basically 2 modes of operation. The first mode is a high-level mode where complex plots แจ are generated and a low-level mode.

Low level mode provides more ways ๐Ÿ˜‰ of customization !

The only downside being its ๐ŸŒ… visualization interface is different from others so making it difficult for migration โณ


Github Repo: Bokeh | Visualization Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Visualization library | Graph library in python | Machine learning projects in python
Visualization | Python

๐Ÿ’นPlotly is the most famous production-ready visualization platform which has its wrapper present for mostly all of the languages like R, Matlab, Julia.

๐Ÿ’๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ Plotly provides online plotting, visualizations, statistical tools for developers ๐Ÿ‘จโ€๐Ÿ’ป

In case you want to convert โžฟ your ggplot or matplotlib to interactive visualization then Plotly is the best solution ๐Ÿ˜Ž for that.


Github Repo: Plotly Visualization Library ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Machine learning tools | Neural Network library | Neural network framework
CNTK | Machine Learning Tool | Microsoft

๐ŸงฐCognitive Toolkit by Microsoft is a deep learning tool that describes neural networks as a series of computation steps โœ“

In this directed graph ๐‚ท the leaf node represents the initial value, while other nodes represent other operations upon their inputs โœ”๏ธ

It helps developers to combine โž• different model types such as feed-forward, Convolutional Neural Networks ๐Ÿงฌ

๐Ÿ‘‰ It can be included in C++, Python, C# program, or as a standalone machine learning tool.


Github Repo: CNTK Machine Learning Tool ๐Ÿ“ฆ


Neural network library | Neural network framework | Neural network python
Lasagne | Train your Neural Network

๐Ÿ˜‹Lasagne is a lightweight library that can be used to build and train neural networks in Theano.

๐Ÿง It is designed on Six principles:

  1. Simplicity
  2. Transparency
  3. Modularity
  4. Pragmatism
  5. Restraint
  6. Focus

To learn about them ๐Ÿ”Ž in detail click here


Github Repo: Lasagne | Neural Network ๐Ÿ“ฆ


NoLearn | Wrapper around Existing Neural Network Library

๐Ÿ“œNoLearn contains a number of wrappers and abstractions around existing neural network libraries in which most notably is Lasagne.

Also some more machine learning utility modules are included with thatโœ“

All code in NoLearn is written to be compatible with the Scikit-Learnโœ“

WARNING: Avoid to use in production, documentation seems to be a little outdated and support is also not too great.


Github Repo: NoLearn Neural Network Library Wrapper ๐Ÿ“ฆ

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We hope you liked ๐Ÿ’ our Refined, Researched List of Data Presented. Keep checking out ๐Ÿ‘€ Inclined Scorpio for more interesting Articles ๐Ÿ˜‰

Inclined Scorpio Ashutosh Tiwari

Ashutosh Tiwari


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