“All things in common nature should produce
Without sweat or endeavour. Treason, felony,
Sword, pike, knife, gun, or need of any engine
Would I not have; but nature should bring forth
Of it own kind, all foison, all abundance
To feed my innocent people”.Gonzalo |The Tempest (Act II, Scene I)
‘The Tempest’ is a romance written 📝 by the great William Shakespeare between 1610-1611 🗓️ and published in 1623. The five act play is set in an unnamed island 🏝 of the Mediterranean Sea 🌊. Categorised under ‘romance’, it is a blend 🔁 of both tragic and comic elements.
“A devil, a born devil, on whose natureNurture can never stick…”Prospero | The Tempest (Act IV, Scene I)
‘The Tempest’ – In The Midst of Storm
The play begins with a storm 🌪️ that endangers the ship 🛳 in which Alonso, the King 👑 of Naples along with his court returns from his daughter’s marriage 👰🤵 in Tunisia 🇹🇳. The whole cruise 🚤 is frightened, frustrated 😤 which they complaint and insult 🥴 each other till the ship sinks.
Prospero Inspects the Incident 🧐
The former Duke of Milan 👳♂️, Prospero along with his daughter Miranda inspects 🔭 the incident. Prospero who has magical powers stands 🎩 still without stopping the storm 🌪️. She suspects 🤨 that her father has plotted the storm. This worries 😯 Miranda. She doesn’t understand 😑 what is happening.
Is it Prospero who has plotted the storm 🌪️? If so, why 😕? Why is the Former Duke of Milan in the Island 🏝 of Mediterranean Sea 🤔?
12 Years Ago
Prospero narrates 🗣️ their past to Miranda. He reveals that he was betrayed 😖 by his younger brother Antonio and was overthrown by him guided 😶 by Alonso. Prospero and his daughter Miranda who was then three years old 👧🏻 were kidnapped and set adrift at sea. They are alive as Gonzalo pitied 😔 them. But now, as he now has power takes his revenge 😡.
Enemies Scattered in the Island
Prospero makes Miranda fall asleep 💤 and calls upon his spirit-servant Ariel 🌬️ to make sure that his enemies have landed 😏 on the island scattered ⛴. Ariel reminds of Prospero’s promise 🤝to set him free which angers 😬Prospero. Prospero orders to spy 🕵️ on the courtiers by making himself invisible 🌬️.
Ferdinand – Alonso’s son🙍♂️, is brought to Prospero from one part of the island. Alonso, Gonzalo 👨🦱- the advisor of Alonso, Antonio and Sebastian, Alonso’s brother, are on another part of the shore while Stephano – Alonso’s butler🍴 and Trinculo – Alonso’s jester 🤡, are on the other side.
Who is Ariel 🌬️?
Ariel was imprisoned by the former ruler of the island, the witch Sycorax 🧙♀️. Prospero has let him free from Sycorax and follows his orders. While Ariel is set free, Caliban 🙍🏿♂️ the son of Sycorax is controlled by Prospero. But he hates and curses 🤬 Prospero for ruling him. Prospero educates 📖 Caliban but isn’t thankful for that as he has taken over his power 💪.
“You taught me language, and my profit on’tIs, I know how to curse”.Caliban | The Tempest (Act I, Scene II)
Ferdinand ❤️ Miranda
“There be some sports are painful, and their labour
Delight in them sets off. Some kinds of baseness
Are nobly undergone; and most poor matters
Point to rich ends. This my mean task would be
As heavy to me as odious, but
The mistress which I serve quickens what’s dead,
And makes my labours pleasures”.Ferdinand |The Tempest (Act III, Scene I)
Ferdinand is lead to Prospero by the invisible Ariel 🌬️. Ferdinand falls in love 💞 with Miranda at once but Ferdinand is kept under the custody of Prospero. Ferdinand and Miranda finds time for each other when Ferdinand works ⚒️. They express their love 💌 for each other and decides to get married 💍. This was actually planned 🙂 and watched 🔎 by Prospero.
Antonio and Sebastian to Murder Alonso? 🤨
Alonso believes that his son Ferdinand has drowned 🏊♂️ and mourns 😩 for him. Alonso and Gonzalo falls asleep 😴 as Ariel plays a music 🎼. Antonio, the crooked brother if Prospero encourages Sebastian to murder 🔪 his brother Alonso to get himself crowned 👑 as the King of Naples. Ariel wakes the sleeping men 😴 on time ⌚ to prevent the murder🔪. Stephano and Trinculo with Caliban.
“Misery acquaints a man with strange bedfellows”.Trinculo |The Tempest (Act II, Scene II)
Caliban comes in contact with Stephano🍴, Alonso’s butler and Trinculo 🤡, Alonso’s jester. Caliban misunderstands them as Gods as they offer him wine🍷. He seeks their help to murder Prospero and promises 🤝 to serve them being the Lord of the island. Ariel 🌬️ being invisible was listening 👂 their conspiring.
“Give me thy hand. I am sorry I beat thee. But while thou liv’st, keep a good tongue in thy head”.Stephano | The Tempest (Act III, Scene II)
Will Sebastian Murder Alonso 😕?
Sebastian and Antonio tries carry out ⏩ the murder but the act is interrupted ❌ by Ariel who appears as a harpy 🎷. As a harpy, he sings 🎶 that only repentance 😞 can save them from their sin done to Prospero. They are shocked 😲. Alonso repents the very moment while Sebastian and Antonio refuses 🙅♂️ to accept their sin. Prospero suddenly takes them all under his custody 🕸.
The Masque 💃🥂🥞
Prospero arranges a masque for Ferdinand and Miranda after blessing 👐 them in his cave. He then remembers Caliban’s murder 🤨 plot against Prospero. He suspends the masque, tricks Caliban 🤥 and chases 🦵 the to be murderers.
Prospero Forgives 🙂
Prospero in the final act of the play, ‘The Tempest’ forgives 😔 his enemies and decides to give up on his magic 🧝♂️ . He enters in the scene wearing the robe that he used to wear 🧥 as the Duke of Milan. Alonso apologises 😣 and is happy 😊 to see his son alive. Alonso blesses 👐 Ferdinand and Miranda.
“The rarer action isIn virtue, than in vengeance”.Prospero |The Tempest (Act V, Scene I)
Prospero reveals 🗣️ who Stephano and Trinculo are to Cannibal for which feels embarrassed and curses 🤬 himself for mistaking them as Gods 😑. Prospero asks Ariel for the final favour 😚, to ensure a safe voyage🚢 for all of them to Italy 🇮🇹 and frees Ariel. ‘The Tempest’ ends with an epilogue where Prospero requests 🙏 the audience to applaud 👏 for him.
‘The Tempest’ is complex structured with dialogues 🗒️ in poetic language. The play which opens with a storm 🌪️ in a threatening 😡 tone ends in a hopefully ☺️. The tone takes shifts in the play. The storm 🌪️ or tempest in ‘The Tempest’ symbolises 🎨 the sufferings 😩 endured by Prospero. The play also makes use of music 🎵 in many parts of drama.
The Tempest – Buy Now !
Naeema JaleelWriter at Inclined Scorpio
On an extended process of giving birth to myself structuring own concepts & beliefs.
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