“Something is rotten in the state of Denmark”.Act 1, Scene 4
‘Hamlet’ with ‘The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark’ as its title is a tragic revenge play written by William Shakespeare. Set in the Elsinore Castle 🏰 of Denmark 🇩🇰, the drama revolves ♻️ around Hamlet, the Prince 🤴 of Denmark’s vengeance over Claudius, who killed 🗡 his brother for the throne and crown 👑 and marries 💍 Getrude, Hamlet’s mother. The role of the hero is challenging with infinite interpretations derived from various theoretical approaches.
The Ghost of the King of Denmark🦹♀️🇩🇰
The sentinels and soldiers – Marcellus, Francisco, and Barnardo in the Elsinore Castle 🏰 are terrified 😰 as they see the Ghost of the deceased ⚰️ King of Denmark 🇩🇰 stalking the castle 🏰. They have seen this for several nights 🌃 and have called upon Horatio, a nobleman and the bosom friend of the Prince 🤴 of Denmark, Hamlet to be with them for a night. Horatio sees and confirms it as the Ghost of King of Denmark. Horatio decides to reveal it to his son.
Will the Ghost and the Prince 🤴 see 👀 and speak 🗣️ each other? Will the Ghost reveal anything that triggers the Prince? Do the revelations imbalance 😩 the psychological aspect of Prince Hamlet?
The Ghost of the King Meets His Son 👨👦
Hamlet agrees to meet the Ghost. His revelations are shocking 😲. The Ghost reveals that he was poisoned 🧫 by his brother Claudius who is now the King of Denmark 🇩🇰 and has got married 👰 to his widow. The Ghost asks him to take revenge against Claudius. The Prince, who was furious 😡 against Claudius for getting married to his mother, Getrude is now enraged 😠 hearing this. He decides to take revenge.
The Uncertainty of Hamlet 🤨 and his Feigned Madness 😵
The decision to avenge his father’s death is certain but he is uncertain 🤔 of who the murderer is. He wants to ensure that Claudius has murdered 😟 his father. He begins to feign madness 🙄, performs senseless acts and spills out the fury against all the women 😡 around him. He does this to secretly 🔐 gaze and observe 🔎 the actions of Claudius but unnoticeably 😑, he himself was depressed 😞 and paving way to madness 🥴.
The Assumption of Polonius
Polonius is the old councilor of the King and he, upon the worries 😲 of Claudius and Getrude on their Prince, conveys that his affection 😍 for Ophelia – the daughter of Polonius, has turned him mad 🤯. But the royal couple aren’t satisfied 😒 with his assumptions and call 📠 upon his school 🏢 friends, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern to know what disturbs him 🤨. Polonius sticks on his assumptions and arranges a meeting 👫 between Hamlet and Ophelia where they can spy 🕵️. Ophelia, as a pawn ♟, goes to meet her beloved knowing about this plan.
Tit for Tat; The Counterstroke of Hamlet 💁♂️
To be or not to be—that is the question:Whether ’tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles
And, by opposing, end them.Act 3, Scene 1
While Claudius and Polonius has planned to spy on him, Hamlet has come up with his plan to ensure who the murderer is 🤔. He has decided to call upon a troupe of actors 🎭 to enact a drama similar to the supposed murder of the deceased King 👑. He can then arrive at a conclusion that Claudius is the guilty murderer 🤨, on observation of his reaction 🧐. He can then avenge 👿 his father’s death without a pinch of remorse.
What will Happen in the Spied Meet? 🕵️
“Frailty, thy name is woman!”Act 1, Scene 2
Ophelia and the Prince meet where Polonius and Claudius spy 🔎🔍. Ophelia returns the letters ✉️ and gifts 🎁 he had given her. The angriness towards his mother for marrying Claudius has made him hate 😡 all women and he in a fit of rage 🥵 says Ophelia that women are sinners who breed sinners and orders her to join a nunnery. Ophelia is heartbroken 💔. Claudius realises 😬 that he neither loves Ophelia nor is mad. Claudius now understands that their coexistence dangerous 😦 as he is aware of all the incidents.
“Get thee to a nunnery. Why wouldst thou be a breeder of sinners? I am myself indifferent honest, but yet I could accuse me of such things that it were better my mother had not borne me…”Hamlet: Act 3, Scene 1
What will be the precautions taken by Claudius to prevent him from harming him 🤔? Will Claudius try to get rid of him? How can he silence 🤫 himself when he watches the drama?
The Murder of Gonzago; The Mousetrap
“The play’s the thing,Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the king”.Act 2, Scene 2
Claudius decides to send the Prince 🤴 back to England 🏴 due to his unstable behaviour. The play which is planned for the night 🏙️ by Hamlet is set in the court ⛩️ which is attended by all royal members. The play, the murder of Gonzago was a mousetrap 😏 set to catch Claudius as it narrates 🗯️ the events of the King’s murder 🔪. It disturbs 🙄 Claudius, due to which he flees 🏃♂️ from the room. He himself is proven guilty 👁️.
The Meeting with Getrude, his Mother
Getrude also gets angry due to the unstable behaviour of his son and calls 📞 him to her chamber to talk. On his way, he sees Claudius alone in a chamber, praying 🙏 and sees this as an opportunity 🤨 to take revenge on him. But he stops 🚫. He feels that it isn’t the moment to put an end to him as he will enter heaven if he is murdered in the midst of his prayer 🙅♂️.
He then moves towards his mother’s chamber and blames 😠 her for marrying Claudius and she is frightened 😟 seeing him behave in ferocity. She thinks he would kill her 🥺. He also witnesses his son conversing with the Ghost whom she couldn’t see 😮. She is devastated 😩 watching her son in madness.
The Murder of Polonius
Polonius, who was spying their meeting behind a tapestry and calls out for help 😣 as he becomes uncontrollable. Hamlet kills him mistaking him for Claudius by stabbing him through the tapestry. Utilising the opportunity, Claudius arranges to send him back to England 🏴 along with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. They are given a letter ✉️ which is to be forwarded to the King of England 🏴 asking him to execute the Prince.
Laertes, the Son of Polonius Returns to Avenge his Father’s Death
Laertes returns from France 🇫🇷 to take revenge upon his father’s death. He has lost his father and his sister, Ophelia has gone insane 🤯 after her father’s loss. She sings 🎶 nursery rhymes and offers invisible flowers 🥀 to court members. She is plunged in grief 😭 which she cannot get over. She couldn’t digest 😕 the fact that his beloved has killed his dearest father 😱.
Laertes is also in grief with the loss his beloveds. Claudius poisons 🧫 the mind of Laertes and injects 💉 in his mind 🤯 that the Prince of Denmark is the cause for the loss of his dearest ones 🥺 and encourages him to take revenge 😠 upon his enemy, who has destroyed his family 👨👧👦.
Hamlet’s Return to Denmark and the Trap of Claudius
Prince realises how Claudius has trapped him. He then forges the letter ✉️ of Claudius ordering that Rosencrantz and Guildenstern be executed on reaching England 🏴. He manages to escape back to Denmark 🇩🇰 followed by a pirate attack. He arrives at the castle 🏰 and narrates them to Horatio.
Ophelia Suicides 🏊♀️
Ophelia commits suicide drowning 😰. Even though suicides aren’t Christian ⛪ burials, Ophelia’s body, being a noble woman, is buried ⚰️ with Christian rites. Hamlet, who reaches the burial ground isn’t aware that this grave is dug ⛏️ for Ophelia. He watches the gravediggers playing with the skull 💀 of Yorick, his father’s old jester in court and realises that this is the final place of every individual 😔. He later comes to know that Ophelia is dead 😫 and realises how he deep his love was for her in her absence 💔. Laertes in sorrow jumps himself into the grave 😰.
“I loved Ophelia—forty thousand brothers
Could not with all their quantity of love
Make up my sum. What wilt thou do for her?”Act IV, Scene 1
Duel: The Trap of Claudius ⚔️
“There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,
Than are dreamt of in your philosophy”.Act 1, Scene 5
Claudius puts forward an idea 💡 of duel to murder his enemy, the Prince 🤴 of Denmark. He organises a friendly duel between Laertes and Hamlet. But the rapier of Laertes was poisoned by Claudius. He also poisons a glass of wine 🍷 , as a backup, to be given to Prince 🤴 if he wins the duel ⚔.
The news 📰 of duel is brought by Osric, a courtier. Getrude drinks the from the poisoned glass of wine 🍷 during the duel. Hamlet is wounded in the duel 🗡️, later, he wounds Laertes. Between, Getrude falls dead revealing that the wine 🍷 was poisoned. Laertes realises 😮 and reveals 🗣️ that Claudius has poisoned the wine as well as the sword ⚔.
“We defy augury. There is a special providence in the fall of a sparrow. If it be now, ’tis not to come; if it be not to come, it will be now; if it be not now, yet it will come. The readiness is all”.Act 5, Scene 2
Hamlet stabs Claudius with the poisoned sword 🗡️ and pours the poisoned wine through his throat 👄. Just as how he poisoned his father. Laertes and Hamlet forgives 😔 each other before they die. Hamlet hears the Fortinbras reaching Denmark 🇩🇰 amd says Horatio that the Fortinbras should ascend the throne of Denmark and tells him to reveal his story to the world 🌍. They bid goodbye 👋.
“Now cracks a noble heart. Good night, sweet prince,
And flights of angels sing thee to thy rest”.Act 5, Scene 2
The Fortinbras, with their ambassadors enter announcing 📢 the death of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern. They decide to give respect 🙏 to the body of the Prince of Denmark 🇩🇰 and display with the glory 💐 and honour of a soldier 👮♂️. The play ends with the death of multiples, spilled wine in the stage and blood drenched bodies.
This tragic play is supposedly written ✍️ between 1599 and 1602. The play is has its roots in ‘Ur-Hamlet’, whose author 🤷♂️ is not revealed, also said that it was too written ✒️ by Shakespeare which was later revised and published 📜 as ‘The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark’. There are numerous critical essays 📃 based on the character analysis of this tragic hero. The psychoanalytic theories 🤯 are also applied to get in contact and understand the mental state 🧠 of the tragic hero who procrastinates his revenge.
Hamlet – On Sale Now 🌈
Naeema JaleelWriter at Inclined Scorpio
On an extended process of giving birth to myself structuring own concepts & beliefs.
We are following a trend we are building. Hop in if you have the power of words 🔥
We will meet you in the next Blog! ❤️