Any moment might be our last. Everything is more beautiful because we’re doomed. You will never be lovelier than you are now. We will never be here again.

The Iliad
The Iliad |Homer|Inclined Scorpio |Epic Poem| Epic Cycle| Book Review
‘The Iliad’: Cover Page

‘The Iliad’ is an epic poem versed by Homer. ‘The Iliad’ is usually grouped by scholars under the Epic cycle which consists of books related to the Trojan war. ‘The Iliad’ consists of 24 books and 15,693 verses in the dactylic hexameter and is one of the oldest works in the Western literature. Even though ‘The Iliad’ doesn’t cover the entire 10 year Trojan war, it describes most of the heroes of the Trojans and Achaeans.

The 9th Year of Trojan War โš”๏ธ

The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem |Epic Cycle
The City of Troy in ‘The Iliad’

‘The Iliad’ in its epic tradition is executed in media res, i.e, in the midst of the plot after the invocation of Muses. The Trojan war โš”๏ธ is in its ninth year. The enslavement ๐Ÿ™„ of the captives is very common. And the Achaeans of the Greeks have held Chryseis ๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿปโ€๐Ÿฆฐ, the daughter of Chryses ๐Ÿง™๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ: a Trojan priest of Apollo ๐ŸŒž, as captive. Chryses had offered money๐Ÿ’ฐ in return for his daughter and most of the Achaeans favoured the deal ๐Ÿ™‚. But, the Achaean leader, Agamemnon, refuses to ๐Ÿ™…๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ accept it.

The Plague ๐Ÿฆ 

As Agamemnon refuses ๐Ÿ˜• to return his daughter, Chryses seeks the help ๐Ÿ™ of Apollo. This prayer urges Apollo to cause plague ๐Ÿฆ  in the Achaeans. Achilles, the leader of the Myrmidons of the Greek army, calls for an assembly ๐Ÿ’ญ to deal with the problem. Agamemnon is forced ๐Ÿ˜’ to accept the offer but asks Achilles to give Briseis his captive in return ๐Ÿ˜. This furies Achilles ๐Ÿ˜ก.

Myrmidons ร— Achaeans

๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜ก

Achilles ร—Agamemnon

There is the heat of Love, the pulsing rush of Longing, the loverโ€™s whisper, irresistibleโ€”magic to make the sanest man go mad.

The Iliad

Achilles calls off his participation from the Trojan war โš” as well as of his men. They decide to return back. Meanwhile, Odysseus, the King ๐Ÿ‘‘ of Ithaca arranges a ship ๐Ÿ›ณ and returns Chryseis. The plague ๐Ÿฆ  stops. Agamemnon’s men capture Briseis. The upset ๐Ÿ˜” and furious ๐Ÿ˜ก Achilles prays to his mother Thetis to ask Zeus, the thunder โšก and sky โ˜๏ธ God to bring the Agamemnon to the weakest ๐Ÿ‘Ž๐Ÿฝ by Trojans, who then will realize the worth ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ of Achilles.

The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem
Helen of Troy: The Most Beautiful Woman in the World

Beauty! Terrible Beauty! A deathless Goddess– so she strikes our eyes!

The Iliad | The Old Chiefs Of Troy, Book 3

The reason for the Trojan war was Helen ๐Ÿ‘ธ๐Ÿผ, the most beautiful woman in the world. And now, the reason for the dispute ๐Ÿ‘Š๐Ÿป between Agamemnon and Achilles is also another woman, Briseis ๐Ÿ‘ฉ๐Ÿปโ€๐Ÿฆฐ. Will they end up like this or Achilles, the greatest of warriors, return ๐Ÿ—ก๏ธ?

No man or woman born, coward or brave, can shun his destiny.

The Iliad

The Dream of Agamemnon ๐Ÿ˜ด

The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem

Agamemnon, caught by a dream sent by Zeus, is encouraged ๐Ÿ‘ to fight with the Trojans. But he asks his soldiers to leave for home to test the morale ๐Ÿ™‚ of his soldiers. Things turn topsy-turvy ๐Ÿ‘Ž๐Ÿฝ as the bullet shot strikes him back. The soldiers pack ๐ŸŽ’ up to go home ๐Ÿก. But it is only Odysseus who could stop the rout after the instructions given by Athena, the protectress of the Greek cities ๐ŸŒ‰. Odysseus even beats ๐Ÿ‘Š๐Ÿป a common soldier named Thersites who expressed his dislike ๐Ÿ˜ to participate in the war.

The Deployment of Troops in Trojan Plain

The Achaeans move towards the Trojan plain after a meal ๐Ÿ™. The news ๐Ÿ“ฐ reaches the Trojan King ๐Ÿ‘‘, King Priam. They too move towards the plain ๐Ÿž๏ธ. The features of both the troop of soldiers is detailed by the poet. The soldiers are about to fightโ€ฆ But Paris makes an announcement ๐Ÿ“ข urged by his brother, Hector: the leader of the Trojan army, to have a duel โš” with Menelaus. Helen ๐Ÿ‘ธ๐Ÿผ will become the wife of the winner๐Ÿ†.

“Menelaus are going to fight about yourself, and you are to be the wife of him who is the victor”.

The Iliad

The Duel โš”

The duel is conducted between Paris and Menelaus โš”. Both the troops agree ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿป to abide by the terms put forward. Unfortunately Paris is wounded ๐Ÿ˜ฅ in the duel โš”๏ธ but Aphrodite saves him before Menelaus kills Paris. The battle is called when the vow ๐Ÿค is broken by Pandoras wounding Menelaus by his arrow ๐Ÿน.

The War ๐Ÿ—ก๏ธ

The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem |Epic Cycle
The war in the Epic Poem ‘The Iliad’

The war happens in which even Gods ๐Ÿงš๐Ÿฝโ€โ™€๏ธ choose their sides. But Diomedes, one of the strongest ๐Ÿ’ช Achaean warriors, was defeating multiple Trojan warriors ๐Ÿ‘Ž. He killed Pandoras, defeated Aeneas who was then saved ๐Ÿ˜Œ by Aphrodite. Diomedes continues with the help of Athena despite the warnings of Apollo.


Let me not then die ingloriously and without a struggle, but let me first do some great thing that shall be told among men hereafter.

The Iliad
The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review | Epic Cycle
Hector Bidding Bye to his Wife, Andromache and Son, Astyanax

Hector inspires his Trojan army to fight on the war front ๐Ÿ—ก๏ธ. Diomedes meets Glaukos, the leader of the Lycian army who has allied ๐Ÿคwith Troy. He narrates ๐Ÿ’ฌ the story of the greatest warrior and his grandfather Bellerophon to Diomedes. Meanwhile, Hector bids bye ๐Ÿ‘‹ to his loving wife, Andromache ๐Ÿ’• and son, Astyanax ๐Ÿ‘ถ๐Ÿป. He asks his brother Paris too to join him. Hector rejoins the army and duels with Ajax the Great ๐Ÿ’ฅ till night ๐ŸŒƒ falls.

You, why are you so afraid of war and slaughter? Even if all the rest of us drop and die around you, grappling for the ships, youโ€™d run no risk of death: you lack the heart to last it out in combatโ€”coward!

The Iliad

The Corpses are Burnt ๐Ÿ”ฅ

The troops retire from the war as night falls ๐ŸŒƒ. A day’s truce is announced to burn ๐Ÿ”ฅ the bodies of the dead. The Achaeans build a wall ๐Ÿงฑ to protect their ships ๐Ÿšข and a trench. While a dispute is being held in the royal house ๐Ÿฏ of Troy to return Helen ๐Ÿ˜ถ. But, Paris refuses ๐Ÿคฆ๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ to accept the deal, instead he is ready to compensate them for any amount of wealth ๐Ÿ’ต.

The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem
Helen and Paris

No Interference of Gods ๐Ÿšซ

Cattle and fat sheep can all be had for the raiding,

tripods all for the trading, and tawny-headed stallions.

But a manโ€™s life breath cannot come back againโ€”

. . .

Mother tells me,

the immortal goddess Thetis with her glistening feet,

that two fates bear me on to the day of death.

If I hold out here and I lay siege to Troy,

my journey home is gone, but my glory never dies.

If I voyage back to the fatherland I love,

my pride, my glory dies. . .

The Iliad |Achilles
The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Epic Poem
Achilles and His companion Patroclus

Zeus commands Gods not to interfere in the Trojan war โš”. Agamemnon has fallen weak ๐Ÿ˜• and sends an embassy of his men including Odysseus, Ajax, Phoenix, and two heralds to convey his message ๐Ÿ“œ. Agamemnon is now ready to return Briseis along with luxurious ๐Ÿ’ธ gifts ๐ŸŽ to Achilles if he rejoins the Achaean army. Achilles and his companion Patroclus refuses ๐Ÿ˜ and the embassy returns in despair โ˜น๏ธ.

All Wounded

All of the great Achaean warriors are found ๐Ÿ˜ฎ fatally wounded ๐Ÿ˜ฅ by Patroclus in the outrageous Trojan war. This moves Patroclus to pity ๐Ÿ˜ง them. The Trojans fight so fiercely that they even break the Achaean wall by foot ๐Ÿ‘ฃ. Hector charges in with his troop. He ignores the warnings โš ๏ธ of Polydamas who reminds him of Achilles. Poseidon, the God of sea ๐ŸŒŠ and Earthquake ๐ŸŒ helps the Achaeans pitying them. He too ignores ๐Ÿ˜ฃ the command of Zeus, but Zeus is seduced by Hera and lured into sleep ๐Ÿ˜ด.

Patroclus in the Battlefield ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ

Patroclus arrives in the battlefield informing Achilles. Achilles had given Patroclus his own armor ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ. But he ignores the warning โš ๏ธ of Achilles not to take part in the war ๐Ÿšซ. Instead, Patroclus leads Myrmidons into the battlefield. Seeing ๐Ÿง Patroclus in the armor of Achilles, the Trojans mistake him as Achilles. The war continues ๐Ÿน and Patroclus is finally killed by Hector.

Achilles Returns

Achilles: The Greatest of Warriors

Achilles goes mad ๐Ÿ˜ก and sad ๐Ÿ˜” hearing the death of Patroclus. He vows ๐Ÿค to avenge the death of his companion but has no armor. Hephaestus: the God of Blacksmiths โš™๏ธ or Artisans designs a new armor ๐Ÿ›ก๏ธ for Achilles. Thetis ๐Ÿงœ๐Ÿปโ€โ™€๏ธ is sad ๐Ÿ˜” realising that his son will die ๐Ÿ˜ญ soon after he kills Hector.

The Gods Fight

Zeus takes back his command ๐Ÿ“ฃ of the participation of Gods ๐Ÿง™๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ in the war. Achilles is back to action and slaughters people. The river, Skamandros ๐Ÿž๏ธ turns red with blood and the angry ๐Ÿ˜ก river who tries to confront Achilles is beaten back by the firestorm ๐Ÿ”ฅ of Hephaestus. Finally Achilles and Hector come face-to-face๐Ÿ‘€.

Achilles ร— Hector

Come, Friend, you too must die. Why moan about it so?

Even Patroclus died, a far, far better man than you.

And look, you see how handsome and powerful I am?

The son of a great man, the mother who gave me life–

A deathless goddess. But even for me, I tell you,

Death and the strong force of fate are waiting.

There will come a dawn or sunset or high noon

When a man will take my life in battle too–

flinging a spear perhaps

Or whipping a deadly arrow off his bow.

The Iliad
The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Epic Poem |Epic Cycle
Achilles To Stab Hector’s Throat in ‘The Iliad’

All of the Trojans except Hector run ๐Ÿƒ back to the city ๐Ÿ™. But Hector stands to fight with Achilles. He is chased around the city, then a duel โš”๏ธ is conducted between them and finally Achilles stabs Hector through his throat ๐Ÿ—ก๏ธ and kills him. But his revenge doesn’t end there. Achilles disregards and dishonors ๐Ÿ˜ต the corpse of a warrior by dragging it tied up to his chariot ๐ŸŽ .

Burial Rites of Patroclus

The burial rites of Patroclus is performed after his Ghost ๐Ÿ‘ป appears asking Achilles to perform them. The funeral games โšฝ are conducted and the prizes are also given to the winners ๐Ÿ… by Achilles.

Hector’s Body is Buried โšฐ

And overpowered by memory both men gave way to grief. Priam wept freely for man – killing Hector, throbbing, crouching before Achillesโ€™ feet as Achilles wept himself, now for his father, now for Patroclus once again and their sobbing rose and fell throughout the house.

The Iliad | Book 24

King Priam ๐Ÿ‘‘ sets out for the Achaean camps ๐Ÿ• unnoticed and begs Achilles bowing down in his knees to returns his son’s body. Achilles is moved to tears ๐Ÿ˜ญ even though he has abused it. Achilles treats the King ๐Ÿ‘‘ with a meal ๐Ÿฑ and return his body. Hector’s body is taken back to Troy, the funeral rites are performed and the whole city mourns ๐Ÿ˜ฅ for the loss of their greatest warrior ๐Ÿ’ช.

Remember your own father, great godlike Achillesโ€”

as old as I am, past the threshold of deadly old age!

No doubt the countrymen round about him plague him now,

with no one there to defend him, beat away disaster.

No oneโ€”but at least he hears youโ€™re still alive

and his old heart rejoices, hopes rising, day by day,

to see his beloved son come sailing home from Troy.

The Iliad

The Iliad: The Song of Ilion/Ilium

And fate? No one alive has ever escaped it, neither brave man nor coward, I tell you – itโ€™s born with us the day that we are born.

The Iliad | Hector, Book 6
The Iliad |Homer |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review | Epic Poem
The City of Troy in ‘The Iliad’

Now I am making an end of my anger. It does not become me, unrelentingly to rage on.

The Iliad

‘The Iliad’, which is also known as the Song of Ilium ๐ŸŽถ or the Song of Ilion ๐ŸŽต set in the seige of Troy. ‘The Iliad’ is written โœ๏ธ in various Greek dialects including Ionic Greek which is now know as Homeric Greek. The English translation of ‘The Iliad’ was published ๐Ÿ—ณ๏ธ by George Chapman in 1598 ๐Ÿ—“๏ธ. ‘The Iliad’ is considered to be written ๐Ÿ“ by 8th century BC but the oldest surviving copy ๐Ÿ“• of it is from the 10th century AD ๐Ÿ—“๏ธ.

Wohoo, final reminder for Sale ๐Ÿท๏ธ


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Naeema Jaleel

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Naeema Jaleel

Naeema Jaleel

Writer at Inclined Scorpio

1 Comment


Learn More · September 2, 2021 at 11:36 pm

I think other site proprietors should take this website as an model, very clean and great user genial style and design, let alone the content. You’re an expert in this topic!

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