โ€œBeware; for I am fearless, and therefore powerfulโ€.

Frankenstein
Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction | Science Fiction
Cover Page of ‘Frankenstein’

‘Frankenstein’ is a novel written โœ๏ธ by Mary Shelley published on 1 January 1818 ๐Ÿ—“๏ธ. ‘Frankenstein’, considered as the first true science fiction ๐Ÿงชdeals with events that follows Victor Frankenstein after one his experiments๐Ÿงซ. Mary Shelley has travelled across Europe ๐Ÿš• and found an interesting story an alchemist who lived two centuries ago ๐Ÿ•ฐ๏ธ in the Frankenstein Castle of Germany. ‘Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus’, is its full title. ‘Frankenstein’ was written in a competition conducted by Lord Byron to see who writes the best horror novels.

Captain Robert Walton: The Explorer ๐Ÿ‘ฎ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ

Robert Walton is a failed writer ๐Ÿ˜”. After his experiments in writing โœ๏ธ, he sets out to the North Pole to expand his scientific knowledge ๐Ÿง . The story unfolds as Robert Walton writes โœ’๏ธ the details of his voyage ๐Ÿšข with his sister, Margaret Walton Saville. In the midst of his voyage ๐Ÿšค, they spot a dog sled ๐Ÿ›ท driven by a gigantic creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ and a few hours later โณ, they rescue a frozen man โ„.

Who is this frozen man โ›„? Why and how has he reached here?

Victor Frankenstein

The name ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿผ of the rescued man is Victor Frankenstein. Frankenstein starts to recover from his numbness โ„๏ธ and he finds Robert Walton ๐Ÿ‘ฎ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ with the same curiosities and obsessions that he had years ago. Firstly, Frankenstein warns โš ๏ธ him and then narrates ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ what happened to him, the reason for this pathetic state ๐Ÿ˜’.

Victor Frankenstein’s Life

Victor was born ๐Ÿ‘ถ๐Ÿป to Alphonse Frankenstein and late Caroline Beaufort. He had younger brothers ๐Ÿง’๐Ÿป๐Ÿ‘ฆ๐Ÿผ named Ernest amd William. They were a wealthy ๐Ÿ’ธ Genevan family ๐Ÿ‘ช in Naples of Italy ๐Ÿ‡ฎ๐Ÿ‡น. As a child ๐Ÿง’๐Ÿผ, he was really curious ๐Ÿคจ to know more and more of the world ๐ŸŒ he lives in. He was somewhat, a kind of addiction in learning the alchemist theories ๐Ÿงช, but leaves that as they all were outdated.

Later, Victor introduces Elizabeth Lavanza ๐Ÿ‘ง๐Ÿป, the daughter of an Italian nobleman, who is adopted by the Frankensteins after her father’s death โ˜ . The Frankensteins then welcome Justine Moritz ๐Ÿ‘ง to their family, another child who later nannies ๐Ÿคฑ๐Ÿป William, Victor’s younger brother.

Victor at the University of Ingolstadt ๐Ÿ“š

Victor leaves for the University of Ingolstadt after his mother dies โšฐ๏ธ. This plunges him into sadness ๐Ÿ˜ฃ. In order cope with this, he spends most of the time in his laboratory ๐Ÿ”ฌ experiments. He outstands ๐Ÿ’กin chemistry โš— and similar subjects ๐Ÿ“‘. His experiments lead him to an interesting point โ˜บ๏ธ, where he creates life ๐Ÿ˜ฏ. He gives life to a lifeless matter ๐Ÿ’‰ and becomes a creator of a creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ.

The Creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ

โ€œHow can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form? His limbs were in proportion, and I had selected his features as beautiful. Beautiful! Great God! His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lipsโ€.

Victor Frankenstein | Frankenstein
Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review | Gothic Fiction
The Creature in ‘Frankenstein’

He creates a humanoid. But it was a very difficult process ๐Ÿ˜ฌ to frame various parts of its body ๐Ÿค” and he ended up creating a very tall creature of about 8 feet ๐Ÿ˜ฏ with watery white eyes ๐Ÿ‘€ and yellow skin. It hardly covered the muscles ๐Ÿ’ช and other internal organs like blood vessels ๐Ÿฆด. The creatures looked ugly ๐Ÿ™ and savage rather than beautiful. Shocked ๐Ÿ˜ฒ and terrified ๐Ÿ˜ฐ upon his own creation, he leaves the place immediately ๐Ÿƒ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ.

William is Murdered ๐Ÿ˜ฆ

He leaves his laboratory ๐Ÿ”ฌ tensed and wander in the streets ๐ŸŒ‰. In between he meets ๐Ÿค an old friend of his named Henry Clerval. He is invited to his apartment ๐Ÿ˜๏ธ. He is cautious not to let him his his laboratory ๐Ÿ”ฌ. Victor treats ๐Ÿฑ him but later he is again shocked ๐Ÿคฏ as he returns to the laboratory as the creature disappeared ๐Ÿ˜ต. Victor falls ill ๐Ÿค’ frightened ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ. It almost takes a period of four months for recovery nursed by Henry Clerval. But then, he receives a letter โœ‰๏ธ from his father informing the murder of his brother William ๐Ÿ˜ง.

Is the Creature Really Savage ๐Ÿ‘ฝ?

โ€œOf my creation and creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew that I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property. I was, besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome; I was not even of the same nature as man. I was more agile than they and could subsist upon coarser diet; I bore the extremes of heat and cold with less injury to my frame; my stature far exceeded theirs. When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me. Was I, then, a monster, a blot upon the earth, from which all men fled and whom all men disowned?โ€

Frankenstein

He goes to Geneva to know the whereabouts of his brother’s death โ˜ ๏ธ. He sees his creation near the crime scene โš ๏ธ and concludes that it has committed the crime ๐Ÿ˜ฃ. But, the murder case is charged ๐Ÿงพ upon Justine Moritz, Willam’s nanny as they found William’s locket with a portrait of his mother in her pocket ๐Ÿ“ฟ. Victor is helpless ๐Ÿ˜ฃ. He could not do anything to save her and she was hanged ๐Ÿ™„. The disappointed ๐Ÿ˜ฅ Victor moves away into forests ๐Ÿž๏ธ to hide. Then suddenly Victor meets his creation hiking through Mont Blanc’s Mer de Glace ๐Ÿ”๏ธ. It pleads ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿฟ him to hear his tale of despair โ˜น๏ธ.

The Creature’s Tale

โ€œI admired virtue and good feelings and loved the gentle manners and amiable qualities of my cottagers, but I was shut out from intercourse with them, except through means which I obtained by stealth, when I was unseen and unknown, and which rather increased than satisfied the desire I had of becoming one among my fellows. The gentle words of Agatha and the animated smiles of the charming Arabian were not for me. The mild exhortations of the old man and the lively conversation of the loved Felix were not for me. Miserable, unhappy wretch!โ€

The Creature | Frankenstein

The creature now narrates his helplessness ๐Ÿ™ and tells how weird he felt living alone hated by people. He lived in some wild area ๐Ÿž๏ธ in his initial days and noticed people frightened ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ seeing him. He then came to know about a poor family ๐Ÿ‘ช living there and hoped to befriend them. He secretly ๐Ÿคซ helped ๐Ÿค— them by collecting firewoods ๐ŸŒณ and clearing their path of snow ๐ŸŒจ. He then ๐Ÿ”  acquired language hearing ๐Ÿ‘‚๐Ÿพ them speak ๐Ÿ‘„ and also learned to read ๐Ÿ“– from some books ๐Ÿ“š he found in the woods ๐ŸŒฒ.

The Creature Saw Himself ๐Ÿ˜ฉ

โ€œI am malicious because I am miserable. Am I not shunned and hated by all mankind?โ€

The Creature | Frankenstein
Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review | Science Fiction
The Creature terrified by his own Reflection in ‘Frankenstein’

He realised why people hated ๐Ÿ˜– and were afraid ๐Ÿ˜จ of him only when he saw his reflection in a pool ๐Ÿž๏ธ. He hated his creator for being so cruel ๐Ÿ˜ฌ towards him. He wanted to befriend with the poor family nearby and approached ๐Ÿ˜ถ them when the blind ๐Ÿ˜‘ father was present. He talked with two members ๐Ÿ—ฃ๏ธ then but was beaten ๐Ÿ‘Š by the blind man’s son. The creature ran away. On his return the next day, he finds the family shifted out of fear ๐Ÿ˜ฑ. He felt insulted ๐Ÿ˜ช and lost the hope of being accepted by the humans ๐Ÿ˜ข.

The Hatred for His Creator

โ€œBy degrees I made a discovery of still greater moment. I found that these people possessed a method of communicating their experience and feelings to one another by articulate sounds. I perceived that the words they spoke sometimes produced pleasure or pain, smiles or sadness, in the minds and countenances of the hearers. This was indeed a godlike science, and I ardently desired to become acquainted with itโ€.

The Creature | Frankenstein

He hated his creator for creating him so ugly ๐Ÿ™ and weird ๐Ÿ™„, and then for abandoning ๐Ÿ˜ him all alone. But still, the creature sets out for Geneva to find a solution for this problem. On the way, he rescues a child fallen ๐Ÿง‘๐Ÿผ into a river, but its father mistakes him for harming it ๐Ÿ˜ฆ and shoots him. He swear ๐Ÿคฌ to take revenge upon the humans. He collects the details from Victor’s journal ๐Ÿ“‘ to move to Geneva, murders ๐Ÿ”ช William as a part of his revenge ๐Ÿ˜  and fabricates it as a murder committed by Justine Moritz ๐Ÿฅด.

โ€œBut it was all a dream; no Eve soothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone. I remembered Adamโ€™s supplication to his Creator. But where was mine? He had abandoned me, and in the bitterness of my heart I cursed himโ€.

Frankenstein

The Demand

โ€œLife, although it may only be an accumulation of anguish, is dear to me, and I will defend it.โ€

Frankenstein

After narrating his past, the creature puts forward his demand ๐Ÿ‘‰๐Ÿฟ. He asks Victor to create a similar female companion for him so that he won’t be alone ๐Ÿฅฐ. He says he has the right to live happily โ˜บ๏ธ and promises to leave to the South American wilds ๐Ÿ—พ after the completion of his creation. And this was not a request ๐Ÿ™๐Ÿฟ but a commandโ˜๐Ÿฟ. Because he gives no option for Victor to choose. He threatens to kill ๐Ÿ™„ his loved ones on the refusal of his demand ๐Ÿ˜ข. Helplessly, Victor agrees ๐Ÿคœ๐Ÿค›๐Ÿฟ and still the creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ frightens him saying that he will watch upon his works ๐Ÿ˜Ÿ.

The Creator Obeys Creature’s Command

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction
Victor in his Laboratory from the novel ‘Frankenstein’

Victor and his friend Henry Clerval were together to England ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ฅ๓ ฎ๓ ง๓ ฟ but they separate their ways from Perth of Scotland ๐Ÿด๓ ง๓ ข๓ ณ๓ ฃ๓ ด๓ ฟ. He is sure that his creature is observing him ๐Ÿง. Thus, he works ๐Ÿงฌ to create a female similar to him in the Orkney Islands. But he is haunted ๐Ÿ˜– by terrible thoughts ๐Ÿ’ญ.

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review | Gothic Fiction
The Creature to be created Again in ‘Frankenstein’

He sees dangers โš ๏ธ ahead and doubts if this creation would breed a race against the human race ๐Ÿ˜ง. He also doubts ๐Ÿคจ if his female creation would love ๐Ÿฅฐ the previous one or would turn more dangerous ๐Ÿ˜  than him. With thousands of questions in his mind ๐Ÿคฏ, Victor destroys his unfinished creature. The creature which was observing ๐Ÿง him appears suddenly and commands him to work on it again ๐Ÿฅต. But he refuses ๐Ÿคฆ๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ.

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction |Science Fiction
The Creatures of ‘Frankenstein’

Threats

โ€œIf I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear!โ€

Frankenstein

As Victor refuses ๐Ÿคฆ๐Ÿผโ€โ™‚๏ธ to obey him, the creature leaves by leaving threats ๐Ÿคฌ and says that he will visit him on his wedding ๐Ÿคต๐Ÿผ night. Victor believes that the creature ๐Ÿ‘ฝ will kill him to attain peace. But Victor is devastated when charged ๐Ÿ“ with the murder ๐Ÿ”ช of his friend Henry Clerval. This happens when he goes to dump ๐Ÿ—‘๏ธ the trashes of the unfinished creature in a boat ๐Ÿ›ฅ. He falls asleep ๐Ÿ˜ด and wind ๐ŸŒช๏ธ changes the direction and is directed toward the Irish coast โ›ด๏ธ. He is disappointed to learn that his friend was strangled to death ๐Ÿ˜– by his creature. Even though Victor was arrested, his innocence ๐Ÿ™‚ is proved and released. He then gets married ๐Ÿ’ to Elizabeth, who was adopted by Victor’s father.

Elizabeth is Murdered ๐Ÿ˜ฆ

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction |Science Fiction
Elizabeth and Victor Frankenstein

He gets married to Elizabeth ๐Ÿ’. But the night after their wedding ๐Ÿ’’, he is suspicious ๐Ÿคจ of the creature observing him and thus prepares his pistols ๐Ÿ”ซ and dagger ๐Ÿ”ช to confront him. He asks Elizabeth to stay in her room ๐Ÿšช. Elizabeth is also strangled to death as Victor searches ๐Ÿ”Ž for his enemy. He sees the creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ pointing upon Elizabeth’s corpse from the window. He shoots the creature ๐Ÿ”ซ, but it escapes. Soon after this incident, his father too dies โšฐ๏ธ.

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction |Science Fiction
Elizabeth is murdered in ‘Frankenstein’

Victor’s Revenge ๐Ÿ˜ก

โ€œThe summer months passed while I was thus engaged, heart and soul, in one pursuit. It was a most beautiful season; never did the fields bestow a more plentiful harvest or the vines yield a more luxuriant vintage, but my eyes were insensible to the charms of natureโ€.

Victor Frankenstein | Frankenstein

Now Victor, who has nobody to lose ๐Ÿ˜‘, is chasing the creature to take revenge upon ๐Ÿ˜ก the death of his loved ones. The chase begins from Europe to north and then to Russia ๐Ÿ‡ท๐Ÿ‡บ. Every time, the creature is faster than him ๐Ÿฅต. They move towards the Arctic Ocean and then to the North Pole. Victor misses ๐Ÿ™ the creature when it was just a mile ahead as he is exhausted from hypothermia โ˜ƒ๏ธ. The creature escaped ๐ŸŒ€ and the ice around his broke and floated near Walton’s ๐Ÿ›ณ.

The Ship ๐Ÿ›ณ is Trapped

Captain Robert Walton’s ship ๐Ÿ›ณ gets trapped in the pack ice โ„ amd several members of the crew die of extreme cold. The crew members lose their confidence ๐Ÿ˜” and persuades their Captain to return South at once they are freed ๐Ÿ˜ถ. Victor, gets angry on hearing it ๐Ÿ˜ก and gives advices ๐Ÿ—ฏ๏ธ about what they have to do ignoring his health conditions ๐Ÿฅถ. He asks the crew members not to be cowards and also asks them to think ๐Ÿค” of why they have set out for the voyage ๐Ÿ›ณ๏ธ. The speech ๐Ÿ’ฅ aroused enthusiasm but it was not enough to give up on their lives ๐Ÿ˜’. They decide to return ๐Ÿ™‚ while Victor doesn’t join them as he was firm in his decision to kill ๐Ÿ”ช the creature ๐Ÿ—ฟ.

Victor Dies

โ€œHe believes that, when in dreams he holds converse with his friends and derives from that communion consolation for his miseries or excitements to his vengeance, they are not the creations of his fancy, but the beings themselvesโ€.

Robert Walton | Frankenstein

Unfortunately, Victor dies ๐Ÿฅถ in the ship giving Walton an advice to avoid being ambitious ๐Ÿ’ธ. Walton ๐Ÿ‘ฎ๐Ÿปโ€โ™‚๏ธ sees the creature on the ship ๐Ÿ›ณ and thinks that he might be happy. But the creature says that he is not happy โ˜น๏ธ witnessing the death of his creator. The creature moves away from the place to kill himself so that no one will know of his existence ๐Ÿ˜ถ.

Frankenstein |Mary Shelley |Inclined Scorpio |Book Review |Gothic Fiction
Plot Chart of ‘Frankenstein’

‘Frankenstein’ as a Frame Story

โ€œNatural philosophy is the genius that has regulated my fate; I desire, therefore, in this narration, to state those facts which led to my predilection for that scienceโ€.

Frankenstein

The novel ‘Frankenstein’ is scripted โœ๏ธ as a frame story, that is, a story within a story. The novel ๐Ÿ“– has story narrations ๐Ÿ“‘ of certain characters. It is also written in epistolary form, the form of letters โœ‰๏ธ. ‘Frankenstein’ has elements of horror ๐Ÿฆน๐Ÿผโ€โ™€๏ธwhich makes it a Gothic fiction at the same time the first true science fiction โš—๏ธ. ‘Frankenstein’ has been adapted to films ๐Ÿ“ฝ๏ธ multiple times.

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Naeema Jaleel

Naeema Jaleel

Writer at Inclined Scorpio

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