“Beware; for I am fearless, and therefore powerful”.Frankenstein
‘Frankenstein’ is a novel written ✍️ by Mary Shelley published on 1 January 1818 🗓️. ‘Frankenstein’, considered as the first true science fiction 🧪deals with events that follows Victor Frankenstein after one his experiments🧫. Mary Shelley has travelled across Europe 🚕 and found an interesting story an alchemist who lived two centuries ago 🕰️ in the Frankenstein Castle of Germany. ‘Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus’, is its full title. ‘Frankenstein’ was written in a competition conducted by Lord Byron to see who writes the best horror novels.
Captain Robert Walton: The Explorer 👮🏻♂️
Robert Walton is a failed writer 😔. After his experiments in writing ✍️, he sets out to the North Pole to expand his scientific knowledge 🧠. The story unfolds as Robert Walton writes ✒️ the details of his voyage 🚢 with his sister, Margaret Walton Saville. In the midst of his voyage 🚤, they spot a dog sled 🛷 driven by a gigantic creature 🗿 and a few hours later ⏳, they rescue a frozen man ❄.
Who is this frozen man ⛄? Why and how has he reached here?
The name 👉🏼 of the rescued man is Victor Frankenstein. Frankenstein starts to recover from his numbness ❄️ and he finds Robert Walton 👮🏻♂️ with the same curiosities and obsessions that he had years ago. Firstly, Frankenstein warns ⚠️ him and then narrates 🗣️ what happened to him, the reason for this pathetic state 😒.
Victor Frankenstein’s Life
Victor was born 👶🏻 to Alphonse Frankenstein and late Caroline Beaufort. He had younger brothers 🧒🏻👦🏼 named Ernest amd William. They were a wealthy 💸 Genevan family 👪 in Naples of Italy 🇮🇹. As a child 🧒🏼, he was really curious 🤨 to know more and more of the world 🌍 he lives in. He was somewhat, a kind of addiction in learning the alchemist theories 🧪, but leaves that as they all were outdated.
Later, Victor introduces Elizabeth Lavanza 👧🏻, the daughter of an Italian nobleman, who is adopted by the Frankensteins after her father’s death ☠. The Frankensteins then welcome Justine Moritz 👧 to their family, another child who later nannies 🤱🏻 William, Victor’s younger brother.
Victor at the University of Ingolstadt 📚
Victor leaves for the University of Ingolstadt after his mother dies ⚰️. This plunges him into sadness 😣. In order cope with this, he spends most of the time in his laboratory 🔬 experiments. He outstands 💡in chemistry ⚗ and similar subjects 📑. His experiments lead him to an interesting point ☺️, where he creates life 😯. He gives life to a lifeless matter 💉 and becomes a creator of a creature 🗿.
The Creature 🗿
“How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form? His limbs were in proportion, and I had selected his features as beautiful. Beautiful! Great God! His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same colour as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shrivelled complexion and straight black lips”.Victor Frankenstein | Frankenstein
He creates a humanoid. But it was a very difficult process 😬 to frame various parts of its body 🤔 and he ended up creating a very tall creature of about 8 feet 😯 with watery white eyes 👀 and yellow skin. It hardly covered the muscles 💪 and other internal organs like blood vessels 🦴. The creatures looked ugly 🙁 and savage rather than beautiful. Shocked 😲 and terrified 😰 upon his own creation, he leaves the place immediately 🏃🏻♂️.
William is Murdered 😦
He leaves his laboratory 🔬 tensed and wander in the streets 🌉. In between he meets 🤝 an old friend of his named Henry Clerval. He is invited to his apartment 🏘️. He is cautious not to let him his his laboratory 🔬. Victor treats 🍱 him but later he is again shocked 🤯 as he returns to the laboratory as the creature disappeared 😵. Victor falls ill 🤒 frightened 😟. It almost takes a period of four months for recovery nursed by Henry Clerval. But then, he receives a letter ✉️ from his father informing the murder of his brother William 😧.
Is the Creature Really Savage 👽?
“Of my creation and creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew that I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property. I was, besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome; I was not even of the same nature as man. I was more agile than they and could subsist upon coarser diet; I bore the extremes of heat and cold with less injury to my frame; my stature far exceeded theirs. When I looked around I saw and heard of none like me. Was I, then, a monster, a blot upon the earth, from which all men fled and whom all men disowned?”Frankenstein
He goes to Geneva to know the whereabouts of his brother’s death ☠️. He sees his creation near the crime scene ⚠️ and concludes that it has committed the crime 😣. But, the murder case is charged 🧾 upon Justine Moritz, Willam’s nanny as they found William’s locket with a portrait of his mother in her pocket 📿. Victor is helpless 😣. He could not do anything to save her and she was hanged 🙄. The disappointed 😥 Victor moves away into forests 🏞️ to hide. Then suddenly Victor meets his creation hiking through Mont Blanc’s Mer de Glace 🏔️. It pleads 🙏🏿 him to hear his tale of despair ☹️.
The Creature’s Tale
“I admired virtue and good feelings and loved the gentle manners and amiable qualities of my cottagers, but I was shut out from intercourse with them, except through means which I obtained by stealth, when I was unseen and unknown, and which rather increased than satisfied the desire I had of becoming one among my fellows. The gentle words of Agatha and the animated smiles of the charming Arabian were not for me. The mild exhortations of the old man and the lively conversation of the loved Felix were not for me. Miserable, unhappy wretch!”The Creature | Frankenstein
The creature now narrates his helplessness 🙁 and tells how weird he felt living alone hated by people. He lived in some wild area 🏞️ in his initial days and noticed people frightened 😟 seeing him. He then came to know about a poor family 👪 living there and hoped to befriend them. He secretly 🤫 helped 🤗 them by collecting firewoods 🌳 and clearing their path of snow 🌨. He then 🔠 acquired language hearing 👂🏾 them speak 👄 and also learned to read 📖 from some books 📚 he found in the woods 🌲.
The Creature Saw Himself 😩
“I am malicious because I am miserable. Am I not shunned and hated by all mankind?”The Creature | Frankenstein
He realised why people hated 😖 and were afraid 😨 of him only when he saw his reflection in a pool 🏞️. He hated his creator for being so cruel 😬 towards him. He wanted to befriend with the poor family nearby and approached 😶 them when the blind 😑 father was present. He talked with two members 🗣️ then but was beaten 👊 by the blind man’s son. The creature ran away. On his return the next day, he finds the family shifted out of fear 😱. He felt insulted 😪 and lost the hope of being accepted by the humans 😢.
The Hatred for His Creator
“By degrees I made a discovery of still greater moment. I found that these people possessed a method of communicating their experience and feelings to one another by articulate sounds. I perceived that the words they spoke sometimes produced pleasure or pain, smiles or sadness, in the minds and countenances of the hearers. This was indeed a godlike science, and I ardently desired to become acquainted with it”.The Creature | Frankenstein
He hated his creator for creating him so ugly 🙁 and weird 🙄, and then for abandoning 😐 him all alone. But still, the creature sets out for Geneva to find a solution for this problem. On the way, he rescues a child fallen 🧑🏼 into a river, but its father mistakes him for harming it 😦 and shoots him. He swear 🤬 to take revenge upon the humans. He collects the details from Victor’s journal 📑 to move to Geneva, murders 🔪 William as a part of his revenge 😠 and fabricates it as a murder committed by Justine Moritz 🥴.
“But it was all a dream; no Eve soothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone. I remembered Adam’s supplication to his Creator. But where was mine? He had abandoned me, and in the bitterness of my heart I cursed him”.Frankenstein
“Life, although it may only be an accumulation of anguish, is dear to me, and I will defend it.”Frankenstein
After narrating his past, the creature puts forward his demand 👉🏿. He asks Victor to create a similar female companion for him so that he won’t be alone 🥰. He says he has the right to live happily ☺️ and promises to leave to the South American wilds 🗾 after the completion of his creation. And this was not a request 🙏🏿 but a command☝🏿. Because he gives no option for Victor to choose. He threatens to kill 🙄 his loved ones on the refusal of his demand 😢. Helplessly, Victor agrees 🤜🤛🏿 and still the creature 🗿 frightens him saying that he will watch upon his works 😟.
The Creator Obeys Creature’s Command
Victor and his friend Henry Clerval were together to England 🏴 but they separate their ways from Perth of Scotland 🏴. He is sure that his creature is observing him 🧐. Thus, he works 🧬 to create a female similar to him in the Orkney Islands. But he is haunted 😖 by terrible thoughts 💭.
He sees dangers ⚠️ ahead and doubts if this creation would breed a race against the human race 😧. He also doubts 🤨 if his female creation would love 🥰 the previous one or would turn more dangerous 😠 than him. With thousands of questions in his mind 🤯, Victor destroys his unfinished creature. The creature which was observing 🧐 him appears suddenly and commands him to work on it again 🥵. But he refuses 🤦🏼♂️.
“If I cannot inspire love, I will cause fear!”Frankenstein
As Victor refuses 🤦🏼♂️ to obey him, the creature leaves by leaving threats 🤬 and says that he will visit him on his wedding 🤵🏼 night. Victor believes that the creature 👽 will kill him to attain peace. But Victor is devastated when charged 📝 with the murder 🔪 of his friend Henry Clerval. This happens when he goes to dump 🗑️ the trashes of the unfinished creature in a boat 🛥. He falls asleep 😴 and wind 🌪️ changes the direction and is directed toward the Irish coast ⛴️. He is disappointed to learn that his friend was strangled to death 😖 by his creature. Even though Victor was arrested, his innocence 🙂 is proved and released. He then gets married 💍 to Elizabeth, who was adopted by Victor’s father.
Elizabeth is Murdered 😦
He gets married to Elizabeth 💍. But the night after their wedding 💒, he is suspicious 🤨 of the creature observing him and thus prepares his pistols 🔫 and dagger 🔪 to confront him. He asks Elizabeth to stay in her room 🚪. Elizabeth is also strangled to death as Victor searches 🔎 for his enemy. He sees the creature 🗿 pointing upon Elizabeth’s corpse from the window. He shoots the creature 🔫, but it escapes. Soon after this incident, his father too dies ⚰️.
Victor’s Revenge 😡
“The summer months passed while I was thus engaged, heart and soul, in one pursuit. It was a most beautiful season; never did the fields bestow a more plentiful harvest or the vines yield a more luxuriant vintage, but my eyes were insensible to the charms of nature”.Victor Frankenstein | Frankenstein
Now Victor, who has nobody to lose 😑, is chasing the creature to take revenge upon 😡 the death of his loved ones. The chase begins from Europe to north and then to Russia 🇷🇺. Every time, the creature is faster than him 🥵. They move towards the Arctic Ocean and then to the North Pole. Victor misses 🙁 the creature when it was just a mile ahead as he is exhausted from hypothermia ☃️. The creature escaped 🌀 and the ice around his broke and floated near Walton’s 🛳.
The Ship 🛳 is Trapped
Captain Robert Walton’s ship 🛳 gets trapped in the pack ice ❄ amd several members of the crew die of extreme cold. The crew members lose their confidence 😔 and persuades their Captain to return South at once they are freed 😶. Victor, gets angry on hearing it 😡 and gives advices 🗯️ about what they have to do ignoring his health conditions 🥶. He asks the crew members not to be cowards and also asks them to think 🤔 of why they have set out for the voyage 🛳️. The speech 💥 aroused enthusiasm but it was not enough to give up on their lives 😒. They decide to return 🙂 while Victor doesn’t join them as he was firm in his decision to kill 🔪 the creature 🗿.
“He believes that, when in dreams he holds converse with his friends and derives from that communion consolation for his miseries or excitements to his vengeance, they are not the creations of his fancy, but the beings themselves”.Robert Walton | Frankenstein
Unfortunately, Victor dies 🥶 in the ship giving Walton an advice to avoid being ambitious 💸. Walton 👮🏻♂️ sees the creature on the ship 🛳 and thinks that he might be happy. But the creature says that he is not happy ☹️ witnessing the death of his creator. The creature moves away from the place to kill himself so that no one will know of his existence 😶.
‘Frankenstein’ as a Frame Story
“Natural philosophy is the genius that has regulated my fate; I desire, therefore, in this narration, to state those facts which led to my predilection for that science”.Frankenstein
The novel ‘Frankenstein’ is scripted ✍️ as a frame story, that is, a story within a story. The novel 📖 has story narrations 📑 of certain characters. It is also written in epistolary form, the form of letters ✉️. ‘Frankenstein’ has elements of horror 🦹🏼♀️which makes it a Gothic fiction at the same time the first true science fiction ⚗️. ‘Frankenstein’ has been adapted to films 📽️ multiple times.
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